Drinking Water Systems in Madagascar

Carbonsink | This project involves the construction of a drinking water system in the village of Tulear in Madagascar, providing 50,000 people with access to drinking water. This leads to a drastic reduction in CO2 emissions, as the treatment process by boiling is no longer necessary.

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The micro-scale voluntary Project Activity (VPA) "Water is Life, Madagascar" is developed by an Italian Associazione Mondobimbi Veneto onlus (later referred as Mondobimbi) in collaboration with Carbonsink. The project foresees to provide safe drinking water for the local families living in the surroundings of the city of Tulear (villages of Maromiandra and Maromiandra/Antevamena) in the Region of Atsimo-Andreafana, Madagascar.

In this semi-desert area in the south-west of the island, the project area, the lack of drinking water is the cause of various diseases that afflict adults and children, including typhus, pest and malaria. Moreover, the inhabitants are forced to long daily journeys to reach the few sources of water supply, and this activity is in most cases carried out by women and children. Local people typically use boiling with firewood or charcoal to purify their drinking water. This process results in the release of greenhouse gas emissions from the wood combustion.

The project is addressed to supply safe drinking water for domestic use and consequently to improve the hygiene, social, economic and environmental issues related to the water consume. Moreover, verifiable Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emission reductions are achieved through the reduced wood/charcoal combustion and the need for water purification through boiling is reduced. The project will also raise awareness among population regarding hygiene and contribute to sustainable development.

The project plans to provide safe and safe water to families living around the city of Tulear, Madagascar. In some areas, still today, many families do not have direct access to drinking water and are forced to face long daily trips to reach water sources in semi-desert areas. In the Tulear area in particular, over 80% of the population does not have access to drinking water. The main aim of the project is to improve the hygienic, social and economic conditions of the local population thanks to a correct and safe management of the water resource, guaranteeing - at the same time - the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions generated by the combustion of wood, used to sterilize well water. Alongside the structural interventions, initiatives will be implemented to sensitize the population on a correct and safe management of the water resource.

UN Sustainable Development Goals