The project involves the operation of a collecting system based on pumps and funnels to collect methane from abandoned coal mines and uses it for combustion in gas engines. This method not only avoids environmental risks but ensures the utilization of gas for electricity and heat.
While most coal mines in Germany are no longer operable, they continue to emit mine-related methane. An estimated 40M tonnes of methane are globally released from new and closed coal mines per year. As the global warming potential of methane is around 25 times stronger than CO₂, it is very harmful to our environment and responsible for about 30% of global warming.
To prevent methane emissions, this project uses a system of pumps and funnels to collect, purify, and compress the gas. Subsequently, the methane is transmitted to gas engines that co-generate heat for consumers in the vicinity via district-heating pipelines and electricity for the national grid. By combusting the methane, it is converted mainly into CO₂ which is a much less potent greenhouse gas. Moreover, feeding the electricity into the grid prevents further emissions by displacing energy generated from fossil sources.
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The Sustainable Development Goals or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future".
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